General Proposals for Conservation EASL

Under threat from ever increasing human activity we needs monitoring, planning and operations for conservation of profuse floral and faunal variety which is favoured by a high level of endemism.

In March 1994 the Sri Lankan Government joined to the international community, in pledging their support to implement the United Nations Conservation on Bio Diversity at the Earth Summit.

As I suggest the best method for conservation of Sri Lankan bio diversity including EASL are… (The recommendations are mainly to conserve the EASL.)

  • Teaching Sri Lankan Bio Diversity and its importance to the school children in School – formal education system as a new subject area. Preparing subject areas to improve the awareness of Sri Lankan Bio Diversity is a better way to conserve our saved demand Bio Diversity, as classroom is the best place to dissolve knowledge among a huge population at once. Finally the students assuredly gain to think about our splendid biodiversity and they will use their attitudes in future.
  • Also Public Awareness is the other thing we can do, if it can be conducted well. For that facilitating government as well as the non-government and voluntary organizations is essential for organizing such events throughout the island. Keeping the traditional knowledge as it is, illusions and myths should be removed from the human society is very much essential in such practices. Importantly awareness programmes should be carried out showing the retributions of killing, poaching and hunting animals. Importing animals, especially fish and other fauna is tightly regulated. Further more people should admonish about consequent aftermath of over harvesting of animals. How ever we have to make an attitudinal change of Sri Lankan communes for better conservation of EASL. Utilize media to raise awareness among the general public can be well practice within the country. However pollution and the disturbances caused by the vehicles and excessive local and international tourist, other constructions in sensitive and fragile ecosystems should be controlled.
  • Secondarily, minimizing habitat loss and protecting the saved habitats should be done. Continuous studies should be monitored on habitat management in protect areas as well as other ecosystems with high bio diversity; Identify important bio diversity hot spots in the island outside the forest and biodiversity rich unprotected areas is must and declare them under relevant protected areas. Also introducing buffer zones and stepping stone forest patches can assure the persistence of viable populations of EASL.
  • As most of the Sri Lankan commune has connections with the Bio Diversity in their day today life we can use people with their indigenous knowledge for the protection and sustainable development of environment with protecting bio diversity for future generations. Poverty, which is a great problem in Sri Lanka also, has become a major threat to the environment. This can be resolved by giving solutions for the economic problems. Good improvement of the usage of traditional knowledge and making the responsibility of villagers to take care of the important ecosystems near by them is lead to local protection of bio diversity.
  • Government should perform a vast roll in protecting EASL. Actively participating legislation and good legal section, inflexible as anybody can violate as wants should be performed in the manner of initiation process. Preparation of long term plans, to not only implementing legislations and policies, but also monitoring is important as they are practices well.
Government can develop a frame works especially for Biodiversity valuation and development of economic forms in sustainable use of Biodiversity and even Biosafty. Moreover government should facilitate the scientific studies for example, promoting  Ex-situ conservation, which is not yet applicable on EASL, since ecology of many EASL are unknown. Whereas many of EASL are habitat specialists and restricted in distribution and they are very sensitive to micro environment conditions. Therefore thorough studies are need. Also organic agricultural practices, reviewing the impact of alien invasive species, climate changing and global warming, urbanization, international trade and export are can be study in Sri Lanka. Especially develop the access to genetic resources should be started now on.


Culture and traditions of Sri Lankans are foster by the Biodiversity adding countless value for them. The country has the tradition of Biodiversity conservation ever since the King Devanampiyatissa in 7th century BC. He declared the first sanctuary in Mihinthale, which is also the first of sanctuary in the world.

Teaching Sri Lankan Bio Diversity and its importance and conservation to the school children in School – formal education system as a new subject area.

Government should facilitate the scientific studies for example, promoting  Ex-situ conservation, which is not yet applicable on EASL, since biology and ecology of many EASL are unknown.
































"Ellangaawa" A unity care for community & Nature | No:1/112, Hapugoda | Ambatenna | Sri Lanaka. 20136.